Юлька на прощанье дала установку: за пазухой держать гранату, в случае наезда на Россию безжалостно уничтожать врагов нашей Родины...
Случай предоставился - меня пригласили на дискуссию, посвященную "российской агрессии против Грузии". Свою речь я готовила два дня, мне все помогали, исправляли ошибки. Уже во время обсуждения ничего добавлять не захотелось - перегорела, да еще на камеру снимали, микрофон отнял всякую возможность спокойно говорить. Уф, бросать гранату на иностранном языке очень сложно!
Предоставляю всем возможность насладиться моей речью:
For more than two centuries the Caucasus has been a hot spot of ethnic and territorial conflicts. Russian governments have always been conscious of how instable the situation in the Northern Caucasus is and how potentially dangerous any political miscalculation could be. Even Soviet leaders were quite aware of the seriousness of the Caucasus issue. For example, if you go to Lenin’s memorial office, which preserves the ambience of Lenin’s last years of power, the focal point on the wall is a map of the Caucasus’ which describes in detail ethnic complexity of the region..
During Soviet times, when the various autonomous regions in the Caucasus were parts of one country, the borders were established based on particular administrative (rather than ethnic or political) considerations. As, I imagine, the borders between Cumberland and Adams counties were once established. Thus, Ossetia was divided into Northern and Southern sections with the Northern one assigned to Russia and the Southern one – to Georgia. Similarly, when the Crimea was “assigned” or “presented” to Ukraine by Khrushev, it was a more a symbolic act, in the end the central Soviet government was still in charge.
While under the Soviet regime, the ethnic conflicts were “frozen”, that is may remained unresolved though inactive, the collapse of the Soviet Union inevitably led to the reignitement of many of them, including that between Abkhazians and Georgians and Sothern Ossetians and Georgians.
in 1992 there were serious and bloody conflicts between Georgia on the one hand, Abkhazia, Ossetia and Adzharia in the other. The conflicts in the early 1990-es did not resolve any territorial issues. Russian peace-keeping forces have been serving the function of keeping the fire down . Incidentally, the agreement establishing peace-keeping forces in Southern Ossetia and Abkhazia was signed by Russian and Georgian government in 1990-es.
As you can see, the complex situation in Northern Caucasus requires a wise approach. Wisdom is what Russian think Saakashvili lacks. He is a young and ambitious president who wants to resolve all the issues he inherited with his presidency at once. It is a prevalent opinion in Russia that the latest conflict in Southern Osetia is a result of these hasty and unwise decisions.
The is another aspect of that conflict worth mentioned. It is important to note that the majority of the population in the two problematic regions – ethnic Abkhazians and Southern Ossetians – chose to have Russian citizenship. Some did so because their family members have Russian citizenship, others – because of economic opotunities which a Russian passport gives to its holder nowdays, others – for some other reasons. Thus, the will of the Ossetian people does not coincide with the plans of the Georgian government. In addition, in 2006, Southern Ossetia put together documents stating that there are no sound and legal grounds for Southern ossetia to be considered a part of Georgia.
It is interesting to note that during so called “Russian aggression” the overwhelming number of Ossetian refugees left for Russia, rather than Georgia. The fact of massive exodus of Osetians into Russia as well as the fact of humanitarian aid from common Russian people to those, who suffered from Georgian aggression has been broadly covered in Russian mass media.
I want to point out that Russians seem to be especially bothered by the obvious double standards existing in the world. For example, when the U.S. bombed Yugoslavia without a UN sanction, an act led to over 2000 civilian deaths.
There is an opinion among many Russians, an opinion supported by the mass media, that the West, and especially the USA, has contributed to fomenting ethnic conflicts in border regions of Russia – in order to create a buffer zone around Russia. Unfortunately, these US efforts involve the countries with which Russia has long-established relationships. Russia and Georgia - (like Russia and Ukraine) are intertwined so closely – not only in their history and politics, but also culturally – that the are inextricable. History shows that long term cultural connections are much more enduring than calculated political affiliation. From Poushkin to Tolstoy, from Danelia to Bodrov these connection have been expressed for centuries. One of the most beautiful and beloved poems of Pushkin’s begins as follows:
Upon the Georgian hills there lies the haze of night
Aragva murmurs underneath.
I'm sad, but my soul is light, my sorrow's bright,
My sorrow's filled with you.